loud loudly aloud有什么区别

aloud , loud 和 loudly 都可以表示“大声地”,但在用法上有区别。 

aloud , loud二者作为副词,都有“大声地”、“响亮”的意思,有时可以通用。但aloud与read,think连用时,表示“出声”,而loud用于talk,speak,shout,laugh等动词之后,在口语中代替loudly 

① aloud 强调发出的声音能被听见,意思为“出声地”或“大声地”,常用 read , call 等动词连用。例如: 

Please read the text aloud. 

请朗读一下课文。 

② loud 意为“响亮地”、“大声”或“高声地”,侧重发出的音量大,传得远,一般多用来修饰 speak , talk , laugh 等动词。 loud 还可用作形容词。例如: 

Speak louder, please, or no one will hear you. 

请大声些,否则没人能听见。 

③ loudly 意为“响亮地”,其基本意义与 loud 相同,还常与 ring , knock 等动词连用。 loudly 放在动词前后均可,含有“喧闹”或“嘈杂”的意味。例如: 

Suddenly the bell on the wall rang loudly. 

突然,墙上的铃大声地响起来。 

aloud, loudly只能用作副词;loud既可作副词,也可用作形容词。当副词用时,loudly与loud一样用来说明声音的强度,意思是"高声地,喧噪地",只是在动词后面loud比loudly更常用些。他们的反义是:quietly。例如: 
Don't talk so loud (loudly)----you'll wake the whole street. 别那么大声说话,你快把左邻右舍都吵醒了。 
Someone knocked loudly (loud) at the door. 有人在大声敲门。 
注:而aloud往往与动词read和think连用,表示真的把话说出,而不是在脑子里默默地"说"。 
She has a very good pronunciation when she reads aloud.她朗读时,发音很好。
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